Causes of Kidney Pain
Most often, when people experience pain in the back, they mistake it for kidney pain. After all, there is always likelihood that pain in the back is related to kidney pain, especially with the occurrence of signs and symptoms. The most known culprits of kidney pain are kidney infection or pyelonephritis, and kidney stones. But it can also be due to other ailments as well, such as inflammation, injury, enlargement of the kidneys, or blockage in the flow of urine.
Defined as an infection of the kidney and the upper part of the urinary tract, is caused by a reflux of the flow of urine from the bladder to the urinary tract due to a blockage along the urine’s flow path. The obstruction along the urinary tract may be due to stones, congenital deformities, tumors, and loss of bladder function from nerve condition, among many more factors. Urine obstruction is likely to intensify the person’s tendency to develop pyelonephritis. People are advice to be familiar themselves with kidney infection symptoms so this can be detected in early stage and seek treatments.
Pyelonephritis usually attacks adult women, although it is never ruled out that men and other age groups cannot acquire the infection, too. Its initial attack is characteristically abrupt and often mistaken as a result of too much stress on the lower back. The danger with pyelonephritis is that if it is ignored and untreated, it might advance into a chronic ailment that could last for a long period and eventually alter kidney function.
This is another common culprit of kidney pain. Most often, kidney stones do not send pain signals until they go into the ureters and cause spasm, and compel the sufferer to urinate frequently and make him feel a burning sensation as he does. The tinge of blood that usually comes with the urine is due to the bleeding in the ureter’s narrow lining passage.
Kidney stones come in varied sizes, shapes, and colors. It can be as tiny as a grain of sand, or it can grow as large as a golf ball. The smaller sizes may not cause much pain as they can easily go out with urination. But the larger ones may get stuck on their way down to the urinary tract. Once the stones get embedded between the ureters and the urethra, they obstruct the regular flow of the urine; and this triggers pain. Most often, the pain is felt at the side and back of the body, and may sometimes even extend to the abdomen and groin. Urine usually comes out cloudy and having a tinge of blood.
Generally, kidney stones do not require surgery unless the pain becomes unbearable. The smaller ones can just pass on their own with urine, and some, like the cystine and uric acid types, can be diluted with oral medication. But the larger stones have to be broken down using shock wave procedures; and in severe case – and only when it is necessary – they be removed through surgery.
One of the best and practical ways that healthy people, as well as those having a health history of kidney stones, should do to avoid developing kidney stone is to drink plenty of water everyday so that their kidneys can properly maintain a healthy body fluid balance, and prevent the stones from recurring.