To prescribe on medicines for the treatment of bladder or kidney infections, your doctor will first decide on the stage or intensity of the infection, whether it is a mild, simple, or is it a serious infection.
Antibiotics that are taken orally are commonly prescribed by doctors, as there is always a possibility that the infection might spread to the kidneys. In case of a simple bladder infection usually antibiotics are taken, for women the dose is for 3 days and for men it is up to 7 days. If the infection is of a slightly mild nature or the patient suffers from complications such as pregnancy or diabetes, then the prescribed dose is for 7 to 14 days. An essential requirement of taking these antibiotics is that the course should be completed even if the pain or symptoms disappear before the course is finished. People who fail to do so often redevelop the infection worse than before, which gets tougher to treat.
In cases where a burning pain or urgent need to pass urine is reported, doctors normally recommend drugs along with antibiotics to relief the patient of the suffering.
Antibiotics normally prescribed by doctors include amoxicillin, augmentin, doxycycline, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and fluoroquinolones. Patients suffering from bladder or kidney infections should drink lots of water. Some women recurrently suffer from bladder infections. There are multiple ways of treating them; one way is to take a single antibiotic dose after every sexual contact, this prevents infections caused by sexual activity. Another way is to undergo a three day course of antibiotics prescribed based on your symptoms and intensity of the infection. Yet another way proven to be beneficial in some cases is to take a single dose daily of an antibiotic to avoid infections.
For the more serious kinds of infections in the kidneys, the doctors recommend the patient to be hospitalized. In cases where the patients are too sick and are not in the condition of taking antibiotics orally or take in the required amount of water, hospitalization is the last resort. Other then these reasons patients are also hospitalized if they are aged, suffer from any other health issues such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, cancer, spinal cord injury, or any other problem. Patients that suffer from kidney stones or change in the anatomy system, or if they have had any recent urinary tract surgery are all referred to be hospitalized. Pregnant women and people who have conceived a fever or have some other kind of disease are also hospitalized.
Chronic UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) is referred to the kind where the infection keeps coming back and ordinary treatment is of no use on its prevention. In this case antibiotics are prescribed for about six months to two years or stronger dose is suggested. If an anatomical problem is causing the problem surgery may be required urgently.